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CentOS 7.9 YUM 安装 Zabbix 5.0 LTS

Zabbix yvan 4周前 (12-20) 220次浏览 已收录 0个评论 扫描二维码

环境说明:

    系统:CentOS7.9最小化安装;升级软件补丁;关闭SELinux和防火墙。
开始安装:

1、安装Zabbix存储库
    rpm -Uvh https://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/5.0/rhel/7/x86_64/zabbix-release-5.0-1.el7.noarch.rpm
    yum clean all

[root@zabbix-server ~]# rpm -Uvh https://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/5.0/rhel/7/x86_64/zabbix-release-5.0-1.el7.noarch.rpm
Retrieving https://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/5.0/rhel/7/x86_64/zabbix-release-5.0-1.el7.noarch.rpm
warning: /var/tmp/rpm-tmp.3WQXLy: Header V4 RSA/SHA512 Signature, key ID a14fe591: NOKEY
Preparing...                          ################################# [100%]
Updating / installing...
   1:zabbix-release-5.0-1.el7         ################################# [100%]
[root@zabbix-server ~]# yum clean all
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Cleaning repos: base epel extras updates zabbix zabbix-non-supported
Cleaning up list of fastest mirrors

2、安装Zabbix服务器和代理:yum install zabbix-server-mysql zabbix-agent2

[root@zabbix-server ~]# yum install zabbix-server-mysql zabbix-agent2
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Determining fastest mirrors
 * base: mirrors.aliyun.com
 * extras: mirrors.aliyun.com
 * updates: mirrors.aliyun.com
base                                                                                                                                          | 3.6 kB  00:00:00
epel                                                                                                                                          | 4.7 kB  00:00:00
extras                                                                                                                                        | 2.9 kB  00:00:00
updates                                                                                                                                       | 2.9 kB  00:00:00
zabbix                                                                                                                                        | 2.9 kB  00:00:00
zabbix-non-supported                                                                                                                          | 2.9 kB  00:00:00
(1/9): base/7/x86_64/group_gz                                                                                                                 | 153 kB  00:00:00
(2/9): epel/x86_64/group_gz                                                                                                                   |  96 kB  00:00:00
(3/9): epel/x86_64/updateinfo                                                                                                                 | 1.0 MB  00:00:00
(4/9): extras/7/x86_64/primary_db                                                                                                             | 243 kB  00:00:00
(5/9): zabbix-non-supported/x86_64/primary_db                                                                                                 | 3.7 kB  00:00:00
......此处省略......
---> Package OpenIPMI-modalias.x86_64 0:2.0.27-1.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: OpenIPMI for package: OpenIPMI-modalias-2.0.27-1.el7.x86_64
--> Running transaction check
---> Package OpenIPMI.x86_64 0:2.0.27-1.el7 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

=====================================================================================================================================================================
 Package                                   Arch                         Version                                     Repository                                  Size
=====================================================================================================================================================================
Installing:
 zabbix-agent2                             x86_64                       5.0.18-1.el7                                zabbix                                     4.9 M
 zabbix-server-mysql                       x86_64                       5.0.18-1.el7                                zabbix                                     3.2 M
Installing for dependencies:
 OpenIPMI                                  x86_64                       2.0.27-1.el7                                base                                       243 k
 OpenIPMI-libs                             x86_64                       2.0.27-1.el7                                base                                       523 k
 OpenIPMI-modalias                         x86_64                       2.0.27-1.el7                                base                                        16 k
 fping                                     x86_64                       3.16-1.el7                                  zabbix-non-supported                        44 k
 libevent                                  x86_64                       2.0.21-4.el7                                base                                       214 k
 net-snmp-libs                             x86_64                       1:5.7.2-49.el7_9.1                          updates                                    751 k
 unixODBC                                  x86_64                       2.3.1-14.el7                                base                                       413 k

Transaction Summary
=====================================================================================================================================================================
Install  2 Packages (+7 Dependent packages)

Total download size: 10 M
Installed size: 30 M
Is this ok [y/d/N]: y
Downloading packages:
(1/9): OpenIPMI-2.0.27-1.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                       | 243 kB  00:00:00
(2/9): OpenIPMI-modalias-2.0.27-1.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                              |  16 kB  00:00:00
(3/9): OpenIPMI-libs-2.0.27-1.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                  | 523 kB  00:00:00
(4/9): libevent-2.0.21-4.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                       | 214 kB  00:00:00
(5/9): unixODBC-2.3.1-14.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                       | 413 kB  00:00:00
(6/9): net-snmp-libs-5.7.2-49.el7_9.1.x86_64.rpm                                                                                              | 751 kB  00:00:00
warning: /var/cache/yum/x86_64/7/zabbix-non-supported/packages/fping-3.16-1.el7.x86_64.rpm: Header V4 DSA/SHA1 Signature, key ID 79ea5ed4: NOKEY2.3 MB  00:02:29 ETA
Public key for fping-3.16-1.el7.x86_64.rpm is not installed
(7/9): fping-3.16-1.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                            |  44 kB  00:00:02
warning: /var/cache/yum/x86_64/7/zabbix/packages/zabbix-server-mysql-5.0.18-1.el7.x86_64.rpm: Header V4 RSA/SHA512 Signature, key ID a14fe591: NOKEYMB  00:00:24 ETA
Public key for zabbix-server-mysql-5.0.18-1.el7.x86_64.rpm is not installed
(8/9): zabbix-server-mysql-5.0.18-1.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                            | 3.2 MB  00:01:38
(9/9): zabbix-agent2-5.0.18-1.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                  | 4.9 MB  00:02:39
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total                                                                                                                                 65 kB/s |  10 MB  00:02:39
Retrieving key from file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-ZABBIX-A14FE591
Importing GPG key 0xA14FE591:
 Userid     : "Zabbix LLC <packager@zabbix.com>"
 Fingerprint: a184 8f53 52d0 22b9 471d 83d0 082a b56b a14f e591
 Package    : zabbix-release-5.0-1.el7.noarch (installed)
 From       : /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-ZABBIX-A14FE591
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Retrieving key from file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-ZABBIX
Importing GPG key 0x79EA5ED4:
 Userid     : "Zabbix SIA <packager@zabbix.com>"
 Fingerprint: fbab d5fb 2025 5eca b22e e194 d13d 58e4 79ea 5ed4
 Package    : zabbix-release-5.0-1.el7.noarch (installed)
 From       : /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-ZABBIX
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
Warning: RPMDB altered outside of yum.
  Installing : 1:net-snmp-libs-5.7.2-49.el7_9.1.x86_64                                                                                                           1/9
  Installing : OpenIPMI-libs-2.0.27-1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                 2/9
  Installing : OpenIPMI-2.0.27-1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                      3/9
......此处省略......
  Verifying  : fping-3.16-1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                           8/9
  Verifying  : OpenIPMI-modalias-2.0.27-1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                             9/9

Installed:
  zabbix-agent2.x86_64 0:5.0.18-1.el7                                            zabbix-server-mysql.x86_64 0:5.0.18-1.el7

Dependency Installed:
  OpenIPMI.x86_64 0:2.0.27-1.el7       OpenIPMI-libs.x86_64 0:2.0.27-1.el7           OpenIPMI-modalias.x86_64 0:2.0.27-1.el7       fping.x86_64 0:3.16-1.el7
  libevent.x86_64 0:2.0.21-4.el7       net-snmp-libs.x86_64 1:5.7.2-49.el7_9.1       unixODBC.x86_64 0:2.3.1-14.el7

Complete!

3、安装Zabbix前端:
    a)启用红帽软件集合:yum install centos-release-scl

[root@zabbix-server ~]# yum install centos-release-scl
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base: mirrors.aliyun.com
 * extras: mirrors.aliyun.com
 * updates: mirrors.aliyun.com
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package centos-release-scl.noarch 0:2-3.el7.centos will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: centos-release-scl-rh for package: centos-release-scl-2-3.el7.centos.noarch
--> Running transaction check
---> Package centos-release-scl-rh.noarch 0:2-3.el7.centos will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

=====================================================================================================================================================================
 Package                                         Arch                             Version                                     Repository                        Size
=====================================================================================================================================================================
Installing:
 centos-release-scl                              noarch                           2-3.el7.centos                              extras                            12 k
Installing for dependencies:
 centos-release-scl-rh                           noarch                           2-3.el7.centos                              extras                            12 k

Transaction Summary
=====================================================================================================================================================================
Install  1 Package (+1 Dependent package)

Total download size: 24 k
Installed size: 39 k
Is this ok [y/d/N]: y
Downloading packages:
(1/2): centos-release-scl-rh-2-3.el7.centos.noarch.rpm                                                                                        |  12 kB  00:00:00
(2/2): centos-release-scl-2-3.el7.centos.noarch.rpm                                                                                           |  12 kB  00:00:00
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total                                                                                                                                 84 kB/s |  24 kB  00:00:00
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
  Installing : centos-release-scl-rh-2-3.el7.centos.noarch                                                                                                       1/2
  Installing : centos-release-scl-2-3.el7.centos.noarch                                                                                                          2/2
  Verifying  : centos-release-scl-2-3.el7.centos.noarch                                                                                                          1/2
  Verifying  : centos-release-scl-rh-2-3.el7.centos.noarch                                                                                                       2/2

Installed:
  centos-release-scl.noarch 0:2-3.el7.centos

Dependency Installed:
  centos-release-scl-rh.noarch 0:2-3.el7.centos

Complete!

    b)启用zabbix-frontend存储库:yum install yum-utils && yum-config-manager –enable zabbix-frontend

[root@zabbix-server ~]# yum install yum-utils && yum-config-manager --enable zabbix-frontend
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base: mirrors.aliyun.com
 * centos-sclo-rh: mirrors.163.com
 * centos-sclo-sclo: mirrors.aliyun.com
 * extras: mirrors.aliyun.com
 * updates: mirrors.aliyun.com
centos-sclo-rh                                                                                                                                | 3.0 kB  00:00:00
centos-sclo-sclo                                                                                                                              | 3.0 kB  00:00:00
(1/2): centos-sclo-sclo/x86_64/primary_db                                                                                                     | 300 kB  00:00:00
(2/2): centos-sclo-rh/x86_64/primary_db                                                                                                       | 3.3 MB  00:00:00
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package yum-utils.noarch 0:1.1.31-54.el7_8 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: python-kitchen for package: yum-utils-1.1.31-54.el7_8.noarch
--> Running transaction check
---> Package python-kitchen.noarch 0:1.1.1-5.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: python-chardet for package: python-kitchen-1.1.1-5.el7.noarch
--> Running transaction check
---> Package python-chardet.noarch 0:2.2.1-3.el7 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

=====================================================================================================================================================================
 Package                                    Arch                               Version                                        Repository                        Size
=====================================================================================================================================================================
Installing:
 yum-utils                                  noarch                             1.1.31-54.el7_8                                base                             122 k
Installing for dependencies:
 python-chardet                             noarch                             2.2.1-3.el7                                    base                             227 k
 python-kitchen                             noarch                             1.1.1-5.el7                                    base                             267 k

Transaction Summary
=====================================================================================================================================================================
Install  1 Package (+2 Dependent packages)

Total download size: 616 k
Installed size: 2.8 M
Is this ok [y/d/N]: y
Downloading packages:
(1/3): python-kitchen-1.1.1-5.el7.noarch.rpm                                                                                                  | 267 kB  00:00:00
(2/3): python-chardet-2.2.1-3.el7.noarch.rpm                                                                                                  | 227 kB  00:00:00
(3/3): yum-utils-1.1.31-54.el7_8.noarch.rpm                                                                                                   | 122 kB  00:00:00
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total                                                                                                                                1.8 MB/s | 616 kB  00:00:00
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
  Installing : python-chardet-2.2.1-3.el7.noarch                                                                                                                 1/3
  Installing : python-kitchen-1.1.1-5.el7.noarch                                                                                                                 2/3
  Installing : yum-utils-1.1.31-54.el7_8.noarch                                                                                                                  3/3
  Verifying  : python-kitchen-1.1.1-5.el7.noarch                                                                                                                 1/3
  Verifying  : yum-utils-1.1.31-54.el7_8.noarch                                                                                                                  2/3
  Verifying  : python-chardet-2.2.1-3.el7.noarch                                                                                                                 3/3

Installed:
  yum-utils.noarch 0:1.1.31-54.el7_8

Dependency Installed:
  python-chardet.noarch 0:2.2.1-3.el7                                               python-kitchen.noarch 0:1.1.1-5.el7

Complete!
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
======================================================================= repo: zabbix-frontend =======================================================================
[zabbix-frontend]
async = True
bandwidth = 0
base_persistdir = /var/lib/yum/repos/x86_64/7
baseurl = http://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/5.0/rhel/7/x86_64/frontend
cache = 0
cachedir = /var/cache/yum/x86_64/7/zabbix-frontend
check_config_file_age = True
compare_providers_priority = 80
cost = 1000
deltarpm_metadata_percentage = 100
deltarpm_percentage =
enabled = 1
enablegroups = True
exclude =
failovermethod = priority
ftp_disable_epsv = False
gpgcadir = /var/lib/yum/repos/x86_64/7/zabbix-frontend/gpgcadir
gpgcakey =
gpgcheck = True
gpgdir = /var/lib/yum/repos/x86_64/7/zabbix-frontend/gpgdir
gpgkey = file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-ZABBIX-A14FE591
hdrdir = /var/cache/yum/x86_64/7/zabbix-frontend/headers
http_caching = all
includepkgs =
ip_resolve =
keepalive = True
keepcache = False
mddownloadpolicy = sqlite
mdpolicy = group:small
mediaid =
metadata_expire = 21600
metadata_expire_filter = read-only:present
metalink =
minrate = 0
mirrorlist =
mirrorlist_expire = 86400
name = Zabbix Official Repository frontend - x86_64
old_base_cache_dir =
password =
persistdir = /var/lib/yum/repos/x86_64/7/zabbix-frontend
pkgdir = /var/cache/yum/x86_64/7/zabbix-frontend/packages
proxy = False
proxy_dict =
proxy_password =
proxy_username =
repo_gpgcheck = False
retries = 10
skip_if_unavailable = False
ssl_check_cert_permissions = True
sslcacert =
sslclientcert =
sslclientkey =
sslverify = True
throttle = 0
timeout = 30.0
ui_id = zabbix-frontend/x86_64
ui_repoid_vars = releasever,
   basearch
username =

    c)安装Zabbix前端包:yum install zabbix-web-mysql-scl zabbix-nginx-conf-scl

[root@zabbix-server ~]# yum install zabbix-web-mysql-scl zabbix-nginx-conf-scl
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base: mirrors.aliyun.com
 * centos-sclo-rh: mirrors.ustc.edu.cn
 * centos-sclo-sclo: mirrors.aliyun.com
 * extras: mirrors.aliyun.com
 * updates: mirrors.aliyun.com
zabbix                                                                                                                                        | 2.9 kB  00:00:00
zabbix-frontend                                                                                                                               | 2.9 kB  00:00:00
zabbix-non-supported                                                                                                                          | 2.9 kB  00:00:00
zabbix-frontend/x86_64/primary_db                                                                                                             |  41 kB  00:00:01
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package zabbix-nginx-conf-scl.noarch 0:5.0.18-1.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: zabbix-web-deps-scl = 5.0.18-1.el7 for package: zabbix-nginx-conf-scl-5.0.18-1.el7.noarch
--> Processing Dependency: rh-nginx116-nginx for package: zabbix-nginx-conf-scl-5.0.18-1.el7.noarch
---> Package zabbix-web-mysql-scl.noarch 0:5.0.18-1.el7 will be installed
......此处省略......
---> Package rh-php72-php-process.x86_64 0:7.2.24-1.el7 will be installed
---> Package rh-php72-php-zip.x86_64 0:7.2.24-1.el7 will be installed
--> Running transaction check
---> Package libXau.x86_64 0:1.0.8-2.1.el7 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

=====================================================================================================================================================================
 Package                                        Arch                          Version                                   Repository                              Size
=====================================================================================================================================================================
Installing:
 zabbix-nginx-conf-scl                          noarch                        5.0.18-1.el7                              zabbix-frontend                         16 k
 zabbix-web-mysql-scl                           noarch                        5.0.18-1.el7                              zabbix-frontend                         14 k
Installing for dependencies:
 audit-libs-python                              x86_64                        2.8.5-4.el7                               base                                    76 k
 checkpolicy                                    x86_64                        2.5-8.el7                                 base                                   295 k
 dejavu-fonts-common                            noarch                        2.33-6.el7                                base                                    64 k
 dejavu-sans-fonts                              noarch                        2.33-6.el7                                base                                   1.4 M
......此处省略......
 rh-php72-runtime                               x86_64                        1-2.el7                                   centos-sclo-rh                         1.1 M
 scl-utils                                      x86_64                        20130529-19.el7                           base                                    24 k
 setools-libs                                   x86_64                        3.3.8-4.el7                               base                                   620 k
 zabbix-web                                     noarch                        5.0.18-1.el7                              zabbix-frontend                        3.2 M
 zabbix-web-deps-scl                            noarch                        5.0.18-1.el7                              zabbix-frontend                         16 k

Transaction Summary
=====================================================================================================================================================================
Install  2 Packages (+39 Dependent packages)

Total download size: 16 M
Installed size: 62 M
Is this ok [y/d/N]: y
Downloading packages:
(1/41): audit-libs-python-2.8.5-4.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                              |  76 kB  00:00:00
(2/41): checkpolicy-2.5-8.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                      | 295 kB  00:00:00
(3/41): dejavu-fonts-common-2.33-6.el7.noarch.rpm                                                                                             |  64 kB  00:00:00
(4/41): fontconfig-2.13.0-4.3.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                  | 254 kB  00:00:00
......此处省略......
(39/41): zabbix-web-deps-scl-5.0.18-1.el7.noarch.rpm                                                                                          |  16 kB  00:00:00
(40/41): zabbix-web-mysql-scl-5.0.18-1.el7.noarch.rpm                                                                                         |  14 kB  00:00:00
(41/41): zabbix-web-5.0.18-1.el7.noarch.rpm                                                                                                   | 3.2 MB  00:01:08
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total                                                                                                                                237 kB/s |  16 MB  00:01:11
Retrieving key from file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-SIG-SCLo
Importing GPG key 0xF2EE9D55:
 Userid     : "CentOS SoftwareCollections SIG (https://wiki.centos.org/SpecialInterestGroup/SCLo) <security@centos.org>"
 Fingerprint: c4db d535 b1fb ba14 f8ba 64a8 4eb8 4e71 f2ee 9d55
 Package    : centos-release-scl-rh-2-3.el7.centos.noarch (@extras)
 From       : /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-SIG-SCLo
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
  Installing : scl-utils-20130529-19.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                 1/41
  Installing : fontpackages-filesystem-1.44-8.el7.noarch                                                                                                        2/41
  Installing : dejavu-fonts-common-2.33-6.el7.noarch                                                                                                            3/41
......此处省略......
  Verifying  : rh-php72-php-cli-7.2.24-1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                            39/41
  Verifying  : 1:rh-php72-php-pear-1.10.5-1.el7.noarch                                                                                                         40/41
  Verifying  : libcgroup-0.41-21.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                    41/41

Installed:
  zabbix-nginx-conf-scl.noarch 0:5.0.18-1.el7                                       zabbix-web-mysql-scl.noarch 0:5.0.18-1.el7

Dependency Installed:
  audit-libs-python.x86_64 0:2.8.5-4.el7                 checkpolicy.x86_64 0:2.5-8.el7                        dejavu-fonts-common.noarch 0:2.33-6.el7
  dejavu-sans-fonts.noarch 0:2.33-6.el7                  fontconfig.x86_64 0:2.13.0-4.3.el7                    fontpackages-filesystem.noarch 0:1.44-8.el7
  gd.x86_64 0:2.0.35-27.el7_9                            libX11.x86_64 0:1.6.7-4.el7_9                         libX11-common.noarch 0:1.6.7-4.el7_9
  libXau.x86_64 0:1.0.8-2.1.el7                          libXpm.x86_64 0:3.5.12-1.el7                          libcgroup.x86_64 0:0.41-21.el7
  libsemanage-python.x86_64 0:2.5-14.el7                 libwebp.x86_64 0:0.3.0-10.el7_9                       libxcb.x86_64 0:1.13-1.el7
  policycoreutils-python.x86_64 0:2.5-34.el7             python-IPy.noarch 0:0.75-6.el7                        rh-nginx116-nginx.x86_64 1:1.16.1-6.el7
  rh-nginx116-runtime.x86_64 0:1.16-1.el7                rh-php72.x86_64 0:1-2.el7                             rh-php72-php-bcmath.x86_64 0:7.2.24-1.el7
  rh-php72-php-cli.x86_64 0:7.2.24-1.el7                 rh-php72-php-common.x86_64 0:7.2.24-1.el7             rh-php72-php-fpm.x86_64 0:7.2.24-1.el7
  rh-php72-php-gd.x86_64 0:7.2.24-1.el7                  rh-php72-php-json.x86_64 0:7.2.24-1.el7               rh-php72-php-ldap.x86_64 0:7.2.24-1.el7
  rh-php72-php-mbstring.x86_64 0:7.2.24-1.el7            rh-php72-php-mysqlnd.x86_64 0:7.2.24-1.el7            rh-php72-php-pdo.x86_64 0:7.2.24-1.el7
  rh-php72-php-pear.noarch 1:1.10.5-1.el7                rh-php72-php-process.x86_64 0:7.2.24-1.el7            rh-php72-php-xml.x86_64 0:7.2.24-1.el7
  rh-php72-php-zip.x86_64 0:7.2.24-1.el7                 rh-php72-runtime.x86_64 0:1-2.el7                     scl-utils.x86_64 0:20130529-19.el7
  setools-libs.x86_64 0:3.3.8-4.el7                      zabbix-web.noarch 0:5.0.18-1.el7                      zabbix-web-deps-scl.noarch 0:5.0.18-1.el7

Complete!

4、安装数据库并配置相关数据库
    a)安装Mariadb数据库:yum install mariadb mariadb-server

[root@zabbix-server ~]# yum install mariadb mariadb-server
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base: mirrors.aliyun.com
 * centos-sclo-rh: mirrors.163.com
 * centos-sclo-sclo: mirrors.aliyun.com
 * extras: mirrors.aliyun.com
 * updates: mirrors.aliyun.com
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package mariadb.x86_64 1:5.5.68-1.el7 will be installed
---> Package mariadb-server.x86_64 1:5.5.68-1.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: perl-DBI for package: 1:mariadb-server-5.5.68-1.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl-DBD-MySQL for package: 1:mariadb-server-5.5.68-1.el7.x86_64
......此处省略......
---> Package perl-Compress-Raw-Zlib.x86_64 1:2.061-4.el7 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

=====================================================================================================================================================================
 Package                                           Arch                             Version                                     Repository                      Size
=====================================================================================================================================================================
Installing:
 mariadb                                           x86_64                           1:5.5.68-1.el7                              base                           8.8 M
 mariadb-server                                    x86_64                           1:5.5.68-1.el7                              base                            11 M
Installing for dependencies:
 libaio                                            x86_64                           0.3.109-13.el7                              base                            24 k
 perl-Compress-Raw-Bzip2                           x86_64                           2.061-3.el7                                 base                            32 k
 perl-Compress-Raw-Zlib                            x86_64                           1:2.061-4.el7                               base                            57 k
 perl-DBD-MySQL                                    x86_64                           4.023-6.el7                                 base                           140 k
 perl-DBI                                          x86_64                           1.627-4.el7                                 base                           802 k
 perl-IO-Compress                                  noarch                           2.061-2.el7                                 base                           260 k
 perl-Net-Daemon                                   noarch                           0.48-5.el7                                  base                            51 k
 perl-PlRPC                                        noarch                           0.2020-14.el7                               base                            36 k

Transaction Summary
=====================================================================================================================================================================
Install  2 Packages (+8 Dependent packages)

Total download size: 21 M
Installed size: 110 M
Is this ok [y/d/N]: y
Downloading packages:
(1/10): libaio-0.3.109-13.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                      |  24 kB  00:00:00
(2/10): mariadb-server-5.5.68-1.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                |  11 MB  00:00:01
(3/10): perl-Compress-Raw-Bzip2-2.061-3.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                        |  32 kB  00:00:00
......此处省略......
  Verifying  : perl-PlRPC-0.2020-14.el7.noarch                                                                                                                  9/10
  Verifying  : perl-IO-Compress-2.061-2.el7.noarch                                                                                                             10/10

Installed:
  mariadb.x86_64 1:5.5.68-1.el7                                                 mariadb-server.x86_64 1:5.5.68-1.el7

Dependency Installed:
  libaio.x86_64 0:0.3.109-13.el7   perl-Compress-Raw-Bzip2.x86_64 0:2.061-3.el7   perl-Compress-Raw-Zlib.x86_64 1:2.061-4.el7   perl-DBD-MySQL.x86_64 0:4.023-6.el7
  perl-DBI.x86_64 0:1.627-4.el7    perl-IO-Compress.noarch 0:2.061-2.el7          perl-Net-Daemon.noarch 0:0.48-5.el7           perl-PlRPC.noarch 0:0.2020-14.el7

Complete!

    b)启动数据库并配置为自启动模式:systemctl start mariadb.service && systemctl enable mariadb.service

[root@zabbix-server ~]# systemctl start mariadb.service && systemctl enable mariadb.service
Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/mariadb.service to /usr/lib/systemd/system/mariadb.service.
[root@zabbix-server ~]# systemctl status mariadb.service
● mariadb.service - MariaDB database server
   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/mariadb.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled)
   Active: active (running) since Mon 2021-12-20 23:15:12 CST; 12s ago
 Main PID: 17045 (mysqld_safe)
   CGroup: /system.slice/mariadb.service
           ├─17045 /bin/sh /usr/bin/mysqld_safe --basedir=/usr
           └─17210 /usr/libexec/mysqld --basedir=/usr --datadir=/var/lib/mysql --plugin-dir=/usr/lib64/mysql/plugin --log-error=/var/log/mariadb/mariadb.log --pid...

Dec 20 23:15:10 zabbix-server mariadb-prepare-db-dir[16961]: MySQL manual for more instructions.
Dec 20 23:15:10 zabbix-server mariadb-prepare-db-dir[16961]: Please report any problems at http://mariadb.org/jira
Dec 20 23:15:10 zabbix-server mariadb-prepare-db-dir[16961]: The latest information about MariaDB is available at http://mariadb.org/.
Dec 20 23:15:10 zabbix-server mariadb-prepare-db-dir[16961]: You can find additional information about the MySQL part at:
Dec 20 23:15:10 zabbix-server mariadb-prepare-db-dir[16961]: http://dev.mysql.com
Dec 20 23:15:10 zabbix-server mariadb-prepare-db-dir[16961]: Consider joining MariaDB's strong and vibrant community:
Dec 20 23:15:10 zabbix-server mariadb-prepare-db-dir[16961]: https://mariadb.org/get-involved/
Dec 20 23:15:10 zabbix-server mysqld_safe[17045]: 211220 23:15:10 mysqld_safe Logging to '/var/log/mariadb/mariadb.log'.
Dec 20 23:15:10 zabbix-server mysqld_safe[17045]: 211220 23:15:10 mysqld_safe Starting mysqld daemon with databases from /var/lib/mysql
Dec 20 23:15:12 zabbix-server systemd[1]: Started MariaDB database server.

    c)创建Zabbix数据库:
        create database zabbix character set utf8 collate utf8_bin;
        grant all privileges on zabbix.* to zabbix@localhost identified by ‘zabbix’;
        flush privileges;

[root@zabbix-server ~]# mysql
Welcome to the MariaDB monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MariaDB connection id is 2
Server version: 5.5.68-MariaDB MariaDB Server

Copyright (c) 2000, 2018, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

MariaDB [(none)]> create database zabbix character set utf8 collate utf8_bin;
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)

MariaDB [(none)]> grant all privileges on zabbix.* to zabbix@localhost identified by 'zabbix';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)

MariaDB [(none)]> flush privileges;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)

MariaDB [(none)]> quit
Bye

    d)导入Zabbix数据:zcat /usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-mysql*/create.sql.gz | mysql -uzabbix -pzabbix zabbix

[root@zabbix-server ~]# zcat /usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-mysql*/create.sql.gz | mysql -uzabbix -pzabbix zabbix

    e)配置zabbix服务端配置文件:vim /etc/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf
        DBHost=localhost
        DBName=zabbix
        DBUser=zabbix
        DBPassword=zabbix
CentOS 7.9 YUM 安装 Zabbix 5.0 LTS
    f)配置Zabbix前端Nginx:vim /etc/opt/rh/rh-nginx116/nginx/conf.d/zabbix.conf
        listen 80;
        server_name 192.168.26.51;    #此处一般为配置域名,我这以IP地址演示;
CentOS 7.9 YUM 安装 Zabbix 5.0 LTS
    g)配置Zabbix前端PHP:vim /etc/opt/rh/rh-php72/php-fpm.d/zabbix.conf
        listen.acl_users = apache,nginx
        php_value[date.timezone] = Asia/Shanghai
CentOS 7.9 YUM 安装 Zabbix 5.0 LTS
5、启动Zabbix服务端和客户端并加入自启动
    systemctl restart zabbix-server zabbix-agent2 rh-nginx116-nginx rh-php72-php-fpm
    systemctl enable zabbix-server zabbix-agent2 rh-nginx116-nginx rh-php72-php-fpm

[root@zabbix-server ~]# systemctl restart zabbix-server zabbix-agent2 rh-nginx116-nginx rh-php72-php-fpm
[root@zabbix-server ~]# systemctl enable zabbix-server zabbix-agent2 rh-nginx116-nginx rh-php72-php-fpm
Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/zabbix-server.service to /usr/lib/systemd/system/zabbix-server.service.
Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/zabbix-agent2.service to /usr/lib/systemd/system/zabbix-agent2.service.
Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/rh-nginx116-nginx.service to /usr/lib/systemd/system/rh-nginx116-nginx.service.
Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/rh-php72-php-fpm.service to /usr/lib/systemd/system/rh-php72-php-fpm.service.

6、访问Web界面安装并配置
    a)Welcome:Next step即可
CentOS 7.9 YUM 安装 Zabbix 5.0 LTS
    b)Check of pre-requisites:检测配置项目,全部OK后Next step即可;
CentOS 7.9 YUM 安装 Zabbix 5.0 LTS
    c)Configure DB connection:数据库连接配置,按需配置无误后Next step即可;
CentOS 7.9 YUM 安装 Zabbix 5.0 LTS
    d)Zabbix server details:服务器信息,按需定义Name(也可留空)后Next step即可;
CentOS 7.9 YUM 安装 Zabbix 5.0 LTS
    e)Pre-installation summary:安装信息汇总,无误后Next step即可;
CentOS 7.9 YUM 安装 Zabbix 5.0 LTS
    f)Install:安装,完成后提示相关配置文件已创建保存后Finish结束;
CentOS 7.9 YUM 安装 Zabbix 5.0 LTS
    g)登录:默认账户Admin  默认密码zabbix
CentOS 7.9 YUM 安装 Zabbix 5.0 LTS
CentOS 7.9 YUM 安装 Zabbix 5.0 LTS


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